A country plunged into chaos
Attacked in his home
First Lady Martine Moïse: critical
Moïse felt threatened
Companies own the country
A long road to victory
Violence
Political unrest and crime
Moïse's background
A successful entrepreneur
Universal health and education
G7
International cooperation
Visits from European royalty
Meeting with the Pope
Assassination and State of Siege
Haitian president Jovenel Moïse assassinated, wife critically injured
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A country plunged into chaos

Pandemic, political tension, urban violence, hurricanes. Haiti was already in a general state of instability when its leader suffered a violent end on July 7, 2021. President Jovenel Moïse was 53 years old when he died from an assassination inside his home.

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Attacked in his home

The country's prime minister, Claude Joseph, announced the tragic end of President Jovenel Moïse. He declared that the statesman had been shot dead in the early morning hours in his own home. Moïse's house is in the nation's capital Port-au-Prince.

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First Lady Martine Moïse: critical

The First Lady, Martine Moïse, was injured in the attack and hospitalized in a critical condition. The police and army have been called in to investigate the crime.

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Moïse felt threatened

In a recent interview with El País, the president said he felt threatened by oligarchic groups in Haiti. According to Moïse, they were planning a coup d'état to remove him from power.

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Companies own the country

"They control the country's main resources, they have always installed and removed presidents and they use the streets to cause destabilization," Moïse told the Spanish newspaper.

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A long road to victory

Jovenel Moïse explained that his government's decisions "are very bad for those who feel powerful and untouchable." He'd won the  presidential election in 2016, but his victory was not officially recognized until a year later.

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Violence

In February, Jovenel Moïse announced the arrest of 23 people allegedly involved in a plot to attack his government and his life.

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Political unrest and crime

The situation in the country is critical. In addition to the poverty experienced by a large part of the population, hundreds of people were killed or kidnapped in Port-au-Prince in June alone. For months, there have been protests in the streets calling for the departure of Jovenel Moïse, as many considered his five-year term to be over.

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Moïse's background

Jovenel Moïse was born on June 26, 1968, in Trou-du-Nord, Haiti. Son of a seamstress and a trader, he had the opportunity to study Political Science at the Quisqueya University.

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A successful entrepreneur

After completing the studies, he started a project to provide drinking water to marginalized rural families. He was also one of the founders of the Haitian Energy Company which invests in solar and wind energy in certain areas of Haiti.

Moïse owned a vast banana plantation and created thousands of jobs, but he was also accused of money laundering.

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Universal health and education

In his campaign for president, Moïse ran for the centre-right Tèt Kale party. He advocated policies that were quite progressive, such as universal education and healthcare and the development of bio-ecological agriculture.

In the photo, Moïse appears with Bolivian President Evo Morales, at a Latin American event in Lima (Peru) in 2018.

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G7

As president of Haiti, Jovenel Moïse participated in several important world events. In the photo, he poses next to the Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, during the G7 summit in 2018.

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International cooperation

In 2018, Queen Letizia of Spain visited Haitian schools financially supported by her country. The first lady, Martine Moïse, dressed in red, stands next to Jovenel Moïse.

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Visits from European royalty

In 2017, President Moïse got a visit from other European monarchs: Queen Mathilde and King Philippe of Belgium.

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Meeting with the Pope

Jovenel and Martine Moïse also met with Pope Francis at the Vatican. The religious leader mentioned Haiti in his prayers in April 2021: "My thoughts go especially to you, dearest Haitian sisters and brothers: I express my closeness and would like the problems to be definitively resolved for you. I pray for that."

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Assassination and State of Siege

On the day of Jovenel Moïse's assassination, Haitian Prime Minister Claude Joseph declared a state of siege in the country. He also called for tranquillity among the Haitian public - a population of 11 million - in a statement broadcast on television.

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